NAM has sought to create an independent path in world politics that wouldnot result in member States becoming pledges in the struggles between the majorpowers. It identifies the right of independent judgment, the struggle against imperialismand neo-colonialism, and the use of moderation in relations with all big powers as thethree basic elements that have influenced its approach. From the beginning of theMovement, its work was an essential factor for the decolonization process, which thenled to the achievement of freedom and independence of many countries and peoples,as well as the creation of new States. NAM has played an important role in thestrengthening of international peace and security.
One of the interesting aspects of the Non-Aligned Movement as aninternational organization is its organizational and voting structure. While manyinternational organizations have official constitutions, the Non-Aligned Movement doesnot. Furthermore, there is no Secretariat representing the NAM. Moreover, itsadministration is non-hierarchical and rotational. Decisions are made by consensus,which requires substantial agreement, but not unanimity. This sort of structuralmechanism shows how the Non-Aligned Movement attempted to offer an equal vote toall members.
At each Summit, a new Head of State formally becomes the chair and assumesthat position until the next Summit. The chair is responsible for promoting the principlesand activities of NAM, and the Foreign Ministry and Permanent Mission in UnitedNations of the Chair& State assumes administrative responsibility.Coordinating Bureau: This ambassadorial-level body, based at the United Nations inNew York, reviews and facilitates activities between the working groups, contact groups,task forces, and committees. It is also charged with strengthening coordination andcooperation among NAM States. The Chair& Permanent Representative to the UN inNew York functions as the CoB chair.